Vera & Donald Blinken Open Society Archives
The collection contains digitized items including English-language transcripts of interviews with Hungarian adult and child refugees and related documentation, created by the Columbia University Research Project on Hungary (CURPH) in 1957 and 1958. Financed by the Ford Foundation, the CURPH project focused on the social, economic and political trends in post-war Hungary, up to and including the 1956 Revolution. The collection is also known as the Blinken Collection, due to the generous support for digitization and online publication from Donald and Vera Blinken, the former US ambassador to Hungary and his wife.
The digital series, ‘Encrypted Telex Communication between FEC New York and RFE Munich’ is the an important part of the Free Europe Committee (FEC) collection that consists of 31 microfilm reels ranging from 1960 up to 1966.
The collection comprises filmstrips of an explicit propaganda or ideological nature, produced by Magyar Diafilmgyártó Vállalat (Hungarian Filmstrip Production Company) between 1948 and 1989, and whose temporal coverage spans the decades 1917 to 1989. The items contained in the collection were compiled on a thematic basis from Ferenc Bíró’s extensive filmstrip collection.
The Paranoia Archive contains Hungarian educational films on ABC (atomic, biological, chemical) warfare released between 1964-1982, as part of a public awareness campaign about protection against weapons of mass destruction. The films were produced by the Ministry of Defence department Polgári Védelem Országos Parancsnokság (PVOP; Civil Defense Alliance), which commissioned the works primarily from the Mafilm Military and Sport Film Studios. Four of the films were directly adapted from Soviet originals with the addition of a Hungarian voice-over.
The collection contains forensic reports produced by the Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) during its Forensic Assistance Project (FAP) in Bosnia and Hercegovina in 1997-1999, documenting the extent and consequences of violence, as well as the humanitarian response of the international community in the immediate aftermath of the Yugoslav wars. Complementing the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), which operated in the region simultaneously, PHR worked with local Bosnian forensic teams on FAP and several related projects to exhume and document mass grave sites that were not designated for investigation by other organizations, and to collect unique personal information on victims from families and match them with data collected from postmortem examinations.
This collection consists of 372 digitized objects – stamps, envelopes, postmarks and postcards, calendars, photos, fliers, posters and fake banknotes – produced and distributed by the Polish underground movement in the 1980s and preserved by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty's (RFE/RL) Polish Underground Publications Unit. This unit was the first RFE/RL national section dedicated to the underground press, established in March 1984 and led by section chief Witold Pronobis and chief archivist Anna Pomian.
The digital collection contains Polish underground journals, and constitutes a variegated yet representative sample of the Polish independent press from the 1970s and 1980s, documenting political, social and cultural life under late Socialism. The project was accomplished using digitized content from Stowarzyszenie Pokolenie association, incorporating and updating comprehensive bibliographic data from the Polish National Library.
The collection contains digitized Information Item reports created by Radio Free Europe’s (RFE) News and Information Department in multiple languages from 1951-1957, covering political, economic, social and cultural issues behind the Iron Curtain. The Items concerned topics ranging from official Communist Party and state apparatus organization to micro-level practices of everyday life.
The collection contains digital copies of special studies and thematic research papers produced by Radio Free Europe (RFE) and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) research units from 1952 till 1992. The bulk of the collection consists of English-language Background Reports, initiated in 1956 together with Situation Reports and Press Survey publications, covering different topics mainly related to the domestic and international affairs of Communist countries, but also trends and developments in the Communist movement worldwide.
The collection contains digital copies of verbatim transcripts of daily news programs broadcast on two Hungarian state radio stations, Kossuth and Petőfi, from January 1, 1988 to December 31, 1990. The transcripts were prepared by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty’s (RFE/RL) Hungarian Monitoring Unit, and include brief summaries and supplementary information on the broadcasts themselves. Focusing on prominent daily news and magazine programs about the most important issues of the day in international and domestic politics, economics, and culture, the transcripts documented significant events in Hungary in order to ensure editors of the Hungarian Broadcasting Desk, as well as other RFE/RL editors and departments were kept as fully up-to-date as possible.
The collection contains digitized items, originally produced in English and Polish between 1984 and 1990 by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty’s (RFE/RL) Polish Underground Publications Unit, on the Polish independent press. Items include bi-weekly press summaries, translated Samizdat articles and monthly reviews, dealing with topics such as the underground Solidarity movement, political prisoners, cultural dissent, the role of the Catholic church and attitudes towards Eastern and Western neighbors.
The collection contains 26147 unique audio files that were produced and broadcast by RFE/RL’s Russian Service. Spanning from the very first program on air in 1953 till 1995, when RFE/RL moved from Munich, Germany to Prague, Czech Republic, the broadcast archive of these 42 years cover turbulent times: from Stalin’s death, the harshest battles of the Cold War, the emergence of dissident movement with Samizdat as a part of it, the hopeful times of Perestroika to the crash of the Soviet Union and the emergence of the new Russia, struggling to overcome its heritage.
The collection is comprised of digital copies of Situation Reports (SRs) released from 1959 through 1989. Developed and published by Radio Free Europe (RFE), the Reports are based upon extensive monitoring of Soviet bloc newspapers (as well as other media) and independent journalistic research conducted by RFE staff members. SRs were disseminated in print both internally and externally. Presented as updates on current developments in a news format with limited editorial commentary, SRs address a wide range of topics, including political economy, international relations, and everyday life in Communist Central and Eastern Europe. In certain years, reports contained lists (with brief explanations) of “Agreements Signed,” the “Comings and Goings” of political and religious leaders as well as envoys from both eastern and western countries, and “Miscellaneous” news items.
The collection contains videos produced in Russian and eight other languages by Soviet Central Television (1985-1991) and Ostankino Television (1992-1994), and recorded by RFE/RL’s Monitoring Unit and successor agencies. The selected programs portray different aspects of life in the Soviet Union and Russian Federation in the late 1980s and early 1990s, with a focus on contemporary key social, political, and economic issues before, during and after the collapse of the Soviet Union, including independence movements, the establishment of a multi-party system in Russia, and economic reform and privatization.
The UN Special Committee Documents on the Problem of Hungary in 1956 collection contains digitized items selected from OSA's physical holdings concerning discussions on the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, its aftermath and repercussions in the United Nations (UN) General Assembly and Special Committee on the Problem of Hungary (active 1957-1958). Known informally as the Héderváry Collection after its donor, Claire de Héderváry, a Belgian-Hungarian UN employee who advised the Committee and promoted its work, the collection contains UN memoranda and correspondence, press releases and reviews, and related internal documents from the period 1956 to 1962.
This collection contains digitized items, including correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs and ephemera created and accumulated by Donald Blinken and Vera Blinken relating to, and over the course of, Donald Blinken’s ambassadorship as the first United States of America’s ambassador to the Republic of Hungary, post-1989 communism.